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© Institut Pasteur
Cells infected for 24 hrs with C. Trachomatis. The cell nuclei are labelled in blue, the bacteria appear yellow, within the inclusion lumen. A bacterial protein secreted out the inclusion into the host cytoplasm id labelled in red.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

3-Keto-5-aminohexanoate cleavage enzyme: a common fold for an uncommon Claisen-type condensation

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 01 Jun 2011

Bellinzoni M, Bastard K, Perret A, Zaparucha A, Perchat N, Vergne C, Wagner T, de Melo-Minardi RC, Artiguenave F, Cohen GN, Weissenbach J, Salanoubat M, Alzari PM

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21632536

J. Biol. Chem. 2011 Aug;286(31):27399-405

The exponential increase in genome sequencing output has led to the accumulation of thousands of predicted genes lacking a proper functional annotation. Among this mass of hypothetical proteins, enzymes catalyzing new reactions or using novel ways to catalyze already known reactions might still wait to be identified. Here, we provide a structural and biochemical characterization of the 3-keto-5-aminohexanoate cleavage enzyme (Kce), an enzymatic activity long known as being involved in the anaerobic fermentation of lysine but whose catalytic mechanism has remained elusive so far. Although the enzyme shows the ubiquitous triose phosphate isomerase (TIM) barrel fold and a Zn(2+) cation reminiscent of metal-dependent class II aldolases, our results based on a combination of x-ray snapshots and molecular modeling point to an unprecedented mechanism that proceeds through deprotonation of the 3-keto-5-aminohexanoate substrate, nucleophilic addition onto an incoming acetyl-CoA, intramolecular transfer of the CoA moiety, and final retro-Claisen reaction leading to acetoacetate and 3-aminobutyryl-CoA. This model also accounts for earlier observations showing the origin of carbon atoms in the products, as well as the absence of detection of any covalent acyl-enzyme intermediate. Kce is the first representative of a large family of prokaryotic hypothetical proteins, currently annotated as the “domain of unknown function” DUF849.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21632536