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© Sandrine Etienne-Manneville
Photo prise à l'avant (dans la protrusion) d'astrocytes primaires de rat en migration. Marquage par immunofluorescence montrant en rouge, p150 Glued, une protéine associée aux extrémités 'plus' des microtubules et en vert la tubuline des microtubules. La photographie montre l'accumulation de p150 Glued à l'avant des cellules en migration, où la protéine pourrait participer à l'ancrage des microtubules à la membrane plasmique. Pour essayer de corriger, les dérèglements observés lors de la migration des cellules d'astrocytes tumuraux ou gliomes on cherche à connaitre les mécanismes moléculaires fondamentaux qui controlent la polarisation et la migration cellulaires.
Publication : The Biochemical journal

3′-5′ phosphoadenosine phosphate is an inhibitor of PARP-1 and a potential mediator of the lithium-dependent inhibition of PARP-1 in vivo

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Biochemical journal - 15 Apr 2012

Toledano E, Ogryzko V, Danchin A, Ladant D, Mechold U

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22240080

Biochem. J. 2012 Apr;443(2):485-90

pAp (3′-5′ phosphoadenosine phosphate) is a by-product of sulfur and lipid metabolism and has been shown to have strong inhibitory properties on RNA catabolism. In the present paper we report a new target of pAp, PARP-1 [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1], a key enzyme in the detection of DNA single-strand breaks. We show that pAp can interact with PARP-1 and inhibit its poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation activity. In vitro, inhibition of PARP-1 was detectable at micromolar concentrations of pAp and altered both PARP-1 automodification and heteromodification of histones. Analysis of the kinetic parameters revealed that pAp acted as a mixed inhibitor that modulated both the Km and the Vmax of PARP-1. In addition, we showed that upon treatment with lithium, a very potent inhibitor of the enzyme responsible for pAp recycling, HeLa cells exhibited a reduced level of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in response to oxidative stress. From these results, we propose that pAp might be a physiological regulator of PARP-1 activity.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22240080