Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 37875044
Lien DOI – 10.1016/j.jiph.2023.10.001
J Infect Public Health 2023 Dec; 16(12): 1954-1960
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) cases declined upon the implementation of non-pharmaceutical measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic. A rebound in IMD cases was feared upon easing these measures.We conducted a retrospective descriptive study using the French National Reference Center Database for meningococci between 2015 and 2022. We scored serogroups, sex, age groups, and clonal complexes of the corresponding isolates.Our data clearly show a decline in the number of IMD cases for all serogroups and age groups until 2021. This decline was mainly due to a decrease in IMD cases provoked by the hyperinvasive ST-11 clonal complex. However, since the fall of 2021, there has been an increase in IMD cases, which accelerated in the second half of 2022. This rebound concerned all age groups, in particular 16-24 years. The increase in cases due to serogroups B, W, and Y were mainly due to the expansion of isolates of the ST-7460, the clonal complex ST-9316 and the clonal complex ST-23, respectively.IMD epidemiology changes constantly and profound epidemiological changes have been recently observed. The surveillance of IMD needs to be enhanced using molecular tools. Additionally, vaccination strategies need to be updated to acknowledge recent epidemiological changes of these vaccine-preventable serogroups.