Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 35241835
Lien DOI – 10.1038/s43018-022-00338-5
Nat Cancer 2022 03; 3(3): 303-317
Despite their key regulatory role and therapeutic potency, the molecular signatures of interactions between T cells and antigen-presenting myeloid cells within the tumor microenvironment remain poorly characterized. Here, we systematically characterize these interactions using RNA sequencing of physically interacting cells (PIC-seq) and find that CD4+PD-1+CXCL13+ T cells are a major interacting hub with antigen-presenting cells in the tumor microenvironment of human non-small cell lung carcinoma. We define this clonally expanded, tumor-specific and conserved T-cell subset as T-helper tumor (Tht) cells. Reconstitution of Tht cells in vitro and in an ovalbumin-specific αβ TCR CD4+ T-cell mouse model, shows that the Tht program is primed in tumor-draining lymph nodes by dendritic cells presenting tumor antigens, and that their function is important for harnessing the antitumor response of anti-PD-1 treatment. Our molecular and functional findings support the modulation of Tht-dendritic cell interaction checkpoints as a major interventional strategy in immunotherapy.