Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 16896131
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2006 Aug;75(2):270-2
A patient with an ulcerated cutaneous leishmaniasis of the pinna had suppurative otochondritis after a first unsuccessful course of treatment with meglumine antimoniate. Although the Leishmania ulceration healed after a second course of meglumine antimoniate, and despite three oral dicloxacillin or pristinamycin courses, the otochondritis extended and an abscess developed. Pus from the abscess revealed a pure culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Five days of oral ciprofloxacin plus rifampin led to a marked improvement. The P. aeruginosa isolate was sensitive to ciprofloxacin but fully resistant to rifampin. Healing with minimal mutilation was obtained at the end of a six-week course of multiple antibiotic therapy. Pseudomonas aeruginosa otochondritis was a co-factor of cartilage mutilation in this patient. Thus, infection with P. aeruginosa should be promptly treated when present in tender cutaneous or mucosal leishmaniasis lesions near cartilaginous areas.