Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 16146541
Eur. J. Haematol. 2005 Oct;75(4):341-5
Intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is a rare and aggressive disorder, characterised by frequent cutaneous and neurological involvement and medullary infiltration. In rare cases particularly in Asia, IVL can be associated with haemophagocytic syndrome (IVL-HS). Here, we report the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian female who presented with IVL-HS. Bone marrow biopsy showed haemophagocytic features and medullary localisation of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Liver biopsy showed exclusive sinusoidal infiltration by large B cells. Treatment by polychemotherapy associated with rituximab induced a rapid complete remission. Unfortunately, death occurred as a consequence of septic shock. Early recognition of IVL-HS by performing bone marrow biopsy is critical to start rapidly appropriate treatment. The role of rituximab in the management of IVL-HS remains to be established.