Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 23558093
Antivir. Ther. (Lond.) 2013;18(8):1015-9
BACKGROUND: Faldaprevir (BI 201335) and deleobuvir (BI 207127) are direct-acting antiviral agents under development for the treatment of chronic HCV infection. This article describes the final results of the Phase Ib SOUND-C1 study that evaluated the interferon-free oral combination of faldaprevir, deleobuvir and ribavirin in 32 treatment-naive patients infected with HCV genotype 1.
METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive deleobuvir 400 mg (n=15) or 600 mg (n=17) three times daily plus faldaprevir 120 mg once daily and weight-based ribavirin for 4 weeks. Interferon-free therapy was followed by response-guided faldaprevir plus pegylated interferon-α2a/ribavirin to week 24 or 48.
RESULTS: At week 4, 73% (11/15) and 100% (17/17) of patients in the deleobuvir 400 mg and 600 mg groups achieved HCV RNA<25 IU/ml, respectively. During interferon-free treatment, virological breakthrough was reported in one patient and re-increase of HCV RNA in one patient. Both patients were successfully treated with interferon-containing therapy. The rate of sustained virological response 24 weeks after completion of treatment was 73% (11/15) in the deleobuvir 400 mg group and 94% (16/17) in the 600 mg group. During faldaprevir plus pegylated interferon-α2a/ribavirin treatment, the most common adverse events were pruritus (38% of patients), rash (31%) and asthenia (31%); these were severe in approximately 3% of patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Potent antiviral activity and favourable safety of the treatment regimen were demonstrated. Furthermore, the results suggest that patients with breakthrough at week 4 may be rescued with an interferon-containing regimen. Clinical trials.gov number NCT01132313.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23558093