Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 35051352
Lien DOI – 10.1016/j.molcel.2021.12.021
Mol Cell 2022 Feb; 82(3): 616-628.e5
Canonical CRISPR-Cas systems utilize RNA-guided nucleases for targeted cleavage of foreign nucleic acids, whereas some nuclease-deficient CRISPR-Cas complexes have been repurposed to direct the insertion of Tn7-like transposons. Here, we established a bioinformatic and experimental pipeline to comprehensively explore the diversity of Type I-F CRISPR-associated transposons. We report DNA integration for 20 systems and identify a highly active subset that exhibits complete orthogonality in transposon DNA mobilization. We reveal the modular nature of CRISPR-associated transposons by exploring the horizontal acquisition of targeting modules and by characterizing a system that encodes both a programmable, RNA-dependent pathway, and a fixed, RNA-independent pathway. Finally, we analyzed transposon-encoded cargo genes and found the striking presence of anti-phage defense systems, suggesting a role in transmitting innate immunity between bacteria. Collectively, this study substantially advances our biological understanding of CRISPR-associated transposon function and expands the suite of RNA-guided transposases for programmable, large-scale genome engineering.