Lien vers Pubmed [PMID] – 1465775
Transplantation 1992 Dec;54(6):1096-7
Hemodialyzed patients and kidney recipients are frequently multiply-transfused and infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) has a symbiotic association with HBV. The prevalence of HDV infection has, surprisingly, not been assessed in patients in hemodialysis or renal transplantation setting. We retrospectively studied the prevalence of serum delta antigen and antidelta antibodies by a microenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 77 of the 80 HBsAg-positive patients who underwent a kidney transplantation over a 10-year period. Of these patients, 73% had active HBV replication as assessed by the presence of serum HBV DNA and 65% had a biopsy-proved chronic active hepatitis, including cirrhosis. None of our patients had any marker of HDV infection at the end of the hemodialysis period or at the end of follow-up in transplantation. These results establish that HDV superinfection has indeed been extremely rare during end-stage renal failure and kidney transplantation in France, in contrast to HBV reactivation or hepatitis C virus infection.