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© Research
Publication : Emerging microbes & infections

‘Z(S)-MDR-TB’ versus ‘Z(R)-MDR-TB’: improving treatment of MDR-TB by identifying pyrazinamide susceptibility

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Emerging microbes & infections - 25 Jul 2012

Zhang Y, Chiu Chang K, Leung CC, Wai Yew W, Gicquel B, Fallows D, Kaplan G, Chaisson RE, Zhang W

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 26038418

Emerg Microbes Infect 2012 Jul;1(7):e5

Indispensable for shortening treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB), pyrazinamide (PZA, Z) is also essential in the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB. While resistance to PZA in MDR-TB is associated with poor treatment outcome, bacillary susceptibility to PZA along with the use of fluoroquinolone (FQ) and second-line injectable drugs (SLIDs) may predict improved treatment success in MDR-TB. Despite a high prevalence of PZA resistance among MDR-TB patients (10%-85%), PZA susceptibility testing is seldom performed because of technical challenges. To improve treatment of MDR-TB, we propose to: (i) classify MDR-TB into PZA-susceptible MDR-TB (Z(S)-MDR-TB) and PZA-resistant MDR-TB (Z(R)-MDR-TB); (ii) use molecular tests such as DNA sequencing (pncA, gyrA, rrs, etc.) to rapidly identify Z(S)-MDR-TB versus Z(R)-MDR-TB and susceptibility profile for FQ and SLID; (iii) refrain from using PZA in Z(R)-MDR-TB; and (iv) explore the feasibility of shortening the treatment duration of Z(S)-MDR-TB with a regimen comprising PZA plus at least two bactericidal agents especially new agents like TMC207 or PA-824 or delamanid which the bacilli are susceptible to, with one or two other agents. These measures may potentially shorten therapy, save costs, and reduce side effects of MDR-TB treatment.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26038418