Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19501019
J. Clin. Virol. 2009 Nov;46(3):206-9
Patients with cirrhosis are immunocompromised and have an increased risk of infection, with a worse outcome. Some of those infections may be prevented by vaccination. Immunization can reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with cirrhosis. Immunizations against hepatitis A and B viruses, influenza and pneumococcus are recommended by the French Haute Autorité de Santé since 2007. Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended in non-immunized cirrhotic patients. Vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended in every cirrhotic patient with no serological markers, and post-vaccinal antibodies titer should be checked. Annual influenza immunization can be done in cirrhotic patients, and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should be repeated after 3-5 years. Few data regarding vaccination coverage are available, but studies suggest that immunization rates are too low in this population.