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© Christine Schmitt, Meriem El Ghachi, Jean-Marc Panaud
Bactérie Helicobacter pylori en microscopie électronique à balayage. Agent causal de pathologies de l'estomac : elle est responsable des gastrites chroniques, d'ulcères gastriques et duodénaux et elle joue un rôle important dans la genèse des cancers gastriques (adénocarcinomes et lymphomes).
Publication : Journal of the American Chemical Society

Unusual α-Carbon Hydroxylation of Proline Promotes Active-Site Maturation

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of the American Chemical Society - 05 Apr 2017

Fadouloglou VE, Balomenou S, Aivaliotis M, Kotsifaki D, Arnaouteli S, Tomatsidou A, Efstathiou G, Kountourakis N, Miliara S, Griniezaki M, Tsalafouta A, Pergantis SA, Boneca IG, Glykos NM, Bouriotis V, Kokkinidis M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28333455

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017 Apr;139(15):5330-5337

The full extent of proline (Pro) hydroxylation has yet to be established, as it is largely unexplored in bacteria. We describe here a so far unknown Pro hydroxylation activity which occurs in active sites of polysaccharide deacetylases (PDAs) from bacterial pathogens, modifying the protein backbone at the Cα atom of a Pro residue to produce 2-hydroxyproline (2-Hyp). This process modifies with high specificity a conserved Pro, shares with the deacetylation reaction the same active site and one catalytic residue, and utilizes molecular oxygen as source for the hydroxyl group oxygen of 2-Hyp. By providing additional hydrogen-bonding capacity, the Pro→2-Hyp conversion alters the active site and enhances significantly deacetylase activity, probably by creating a more favorable environment for transition-state stabilization. Our results classify this process as an active-site “maturation”, which is highly atypical in being a protein backbone-modifying activity, rather than a side-chain-modifying one.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28333455