Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32317068
Link to DOI – 10.5588/ijtld.19.0305
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2020 04; 24(4): 428-435
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is declining overall in France, but not in Paris where some areas remain relative hot spots for TB.OBJECTIVES: To obtain a better knowledge of local TB epidemiology in order to facilitate control measures.DESIGN: Analysis of demographic data of TB patients diagnosed at the Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital from 2007 to 2016, with spoligotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates.RESULTS: During the study period, 1096 TB patients were analysed. The incidence of TB diagnosis was stable, averaging 115 patients per year, predominantly males (71%), foreign-born (81%), with pulmonary TB (77%) and negative HIV serology (88%). The mean age of foreign-born TB patients decreased over the study period, most significantly in recent arrivals in France, whose average age decreased by two years (P = 0.001). The time period between arrival in France and being diagnosed with active TB decreased annually significantly by 0.75 years (P = 0.02). The proportion of L4.6.2/Cameroon and L2/Beijing sub-lineages increased annually by 0.7% (P < 0.05). Multi-drug resistant strains, representing 4% of all strains, increased annually by 0.75% (P = 0.03)CONCLUSION: The number of TB patients remained high in northern Paris and the surrounding suburbs, suggesting the need for increased control measures.