Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23500018
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2013 Jun;1830(6):3578-83
BACKGROUND: Induction of the death pathway resulting from the specific interaction of the PP2A1 phosphatase with adenoviral E4orf4 protein is a promising approach for cancer therapy. With the aim of deregulating tumor pathways, and mimicking E4orf4 anti-cancer signal, we have previously proposed the DPT technology concept, based on design of specific PP1/PP2A interacting penetrating peptides.
METHODS: Using biochemical, structural and cell survival experiments, we have characterized new DPT-peptides containing short PP2A binding sequences.
RESULTS: We identified overlapping sequences, located within the N-terminal domain E4orf423-46 of canine adenoviral E4orf4 protein, that interact with the PP2A-Bα subunit of PP2A1 holoenzyme. We characterized DPT-E4orf44 and TAT-E4orf44, two bi-partite cell penetrating peptides containing the 12 PP2A1 binding residues of the canine type 2 E4orf427-38 sequence, respectively fused to the DPT-sh1 and TAT shuttle sequences. Surprisingly DPT-E4orf44, in contrast to inactive TAT-E4orf44, adopted a well defined α-helical structure and co-precipitated PP2A1 from HeLa cell extracts. DPT-E4orf44 also internalized streptavidin-HRP and inhibited survival of HeLa cells more efficiently than TAT, TAT-E4orf44 or the previously published anti-tumor TAT-derived peptide shepherdin. DPT-E4orf44 also efficiently inhibited the survival of human adherent transformed cells, including wild type and p53 mutated colonic HCT116 cells, without affecting survival of human non-transformed fibroblasts.
CONCLUSIONS: We characterized the transducing properties of a new α-helical DPT-E4orf44 peptide containing a short PP2A-interacting sequence from canine Adenoviral E4orf4 protein.
GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that α-helical structured DPT peptides specifically interacting with PP2A could be a valuable anti-cancer drug design scaffold.