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© Research
Publication : Science (New York, N.Y.)

Total synthesis of a functional designer eukaryotic chromosome

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Science (New York, N.Y.) - 27 Mar 2014

Annaluru N, Muller H, Mitchell LA, Ramalingam S, Stracquadanio G, Richardson SM, Dymond JS, Kuang Z, Scheifele LZ, Cooper EM, Cai Y, Zeller K, Agmon N, Han JS, Hadjithomas M, Tullman J, Caravelli K, Cirelli K, Guo Z, London V, Yeluru A, Murugan S, Kandavelou K, Agier N, Fischer G, Yang K, Martin JA, Bilgel M, Bohutski P, Boulier KM, Capaldo BJ, Chang J, Charoen K, Choi WJ, Deng P, DiCarlo JE, Doong J, Dunn J, Feinberg JI, Fernandez C, Floria CE, Gladowski D, Hadidi P, Ishizuka I, Jabbari J, Lau CY, Lee PA, Li S, Lin D, Linder ME, Ling J, Liu J, Liu J, London M, Ma H, Mao J, McDade JE, McMillan A, Moore AM, Oh WC, Ouyang Y, Patel R, Paul M, Paulsen LC, Qiu J, Rhee A, Rubashkin MG, Soh IY, Sotuyo NE, Srinivas V, Suarez A, Wong A, Wong R, Xie WR, Xu Y, Yu AT, Koszul R, Bader JS, Boeke JD, Chandrasegaran S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24674868

Science 2014 Apr;344(6179):55-8

Rapid advances in DNA synthesis techniques have made it possible to engineer viruses, biochemical pathways and assemble bacterial genomes. Here, we report the synthesis of a functional 272,871-base pair designer eukaryotic chromosome, synIII, which is based on the 316,617-base pair native Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome III. Changes to synIII include TAG/TAA stop-codon replacements, deletion of subtelomeric regions, introns, transfer RNAs, transposons, and silent mating loci as well as insertion of loxPsym sites to enable genome scrambling. SynIII is functional in S. cerevisiae. Scrambling of the chromosome in a heterozygous diploid reveals a large increase in a-mater derivatives resulting from loss of the MATα allele on synIII. The complete design and synthesis of synIII establishes S. cerevisiae as the basis for designer eukaryotic genome biology.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24674868