Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 36963329
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2023.115926
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2023 May; 106(1): 115926
In spondylodiscitis, pathogen identification is important to guide therapy strategies. Here the use of an rDNA PCR assay (Molzym UMDSelectNA) for pathogen detection in spondylodiscitis was evaluated in 182 specimens from 124 spondylodiscitis patients. In 81% of specimens rDNA PCR and conventional culture produced concordant results. Compared to conventional culture, sensitivity and specificity of rDNA PCR were 75% and 83.9%, respectively. The rDNA PCR performed better than conventional culture in identification of Streptococcus spp.. However, overall sensitivity was suboptimal, e.g., in cases with low bacterial burden, and only 5 of 124 patients (4%) received a microbiological diagnosis by employing rDNA PCR. Thus, the added value of routine use of rDNA PCR on spondylodiscitis specimens is limited. Targeted use of the assay in culture-negative cases may be efficient and moderately increase diagnostic yield. The need for susceptibility information implies that 16S rDNA PCR may only be used as an add-on tool to culture.