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© Charles Dauguet
Virus VIH-2, second virus du sida isolé en 1985 par l'équipe du Pr. Montagnier de l'Institut Pasteur.
Publication : Cell death and differentiation

TGF-beta in intestinal lymphoid organs contributes to the death of armed effector CD8 T cells and is associated with the absence of virus containment in rhesus macaques infected with the simian immunodeficiency virus

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cell death and differentiation - 06 Jul 2007

Cumont MC, Monceaux V, Viollet L, Lay S, Parker R, Hurtrel B, Estaquier J

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17612589

Cell Death Differ. 2007 Oct;14(10):1747-58

SIV-infected macaques exhibit distinct rates of progression to AIDS and despite significant increases in CD8+ T cells, immune cells fail to control and eradicate SIV in vivo. Here, we investigated the interplay between viral reservoir sites, CD8+ T-cell activation/death and outcome. Our data provide strong evidence that mesenteric (Mes) lymph nodes represent major reservoirs not only for SIV-infected macaques progressing more rapidly toward AIDS but also in controllers. We demonstrate that macaques progressing faster display greater expression of TGF-beta and Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase in particular in intestinal tissues associated with a phosphorylation of the p53 protein on serine 15 in CD8+ T cells from Mes lymph nodes. These factors may act as a negative regulator of CD8+ T-cell function by inducing a Bax/Bak/Puma-dependent death pathway of effector/memory CD8+ T cells. Greater T-cell death and viral dissemination was associated with a low level of TIA-1+ expressing cells. Finally, we provide evidence that abrogation of TGF-beta in vitro enhances T-cell proliferation and reduces CD8+ T-cell death. Our data identify a mechanism of T-cell exhaustion in intestinal lymphoid organs and define a potentially effective immunological strategy for the modulation of progression to AIDS.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17612589