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© Research
Publication : European journal of immunology

T cell adhesion lowers the threshold for antigen detection

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in European journal of immunology - 01 May 2003

Randriamampita C, Boulla G, Revy P, Lemaitre F, Trautmann A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12731046

Eur. J. Immunol. 2003 May;33(5):1215-23

Antigen detection and initiation of TCR signaling only occur, under physiological conditions, when T cells are adherent, and not in suspension. We show here that T cell adhesion causes an increase in the Ca(2+) content of intracellular stores and of the amount of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in the plasma membrane, and enhances TCR-induced Ca(2+) signaling. This priming can be observed in freshly isolated T cells, in activated T cells, and in some T cell lines. Stimulation of T cells by specific monomeric MHC-peptide complexes only triggers Ca(2+) responses after T cell adhesion. This solves a controversial issue concerning the minimum valency of activatory TCR ligands. Adhesion-induced T cell priming not only occurs upon binding to artificial substrates such as immobilized ligands, but also upon interaction with dendritic cells. Thus, this phenomenon is likely to contribute to the high sensitivity of antigen detection by T cells in secondary lymphoid organs.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12731046