Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11013224
EMBO J. 2000 Oct;19(19):5222-32
Activation of the Escherichia coli malEp promoter relies on the formation of a higher order structure involving cooperative binding of MalT to promoter-proximal and promoter-distal sites as well as CRP binding to three sites located in between. MalT is the primary activator and one function of CRP is to facilitate cooperative binding of MalT to its cognate sites by bending the intervening DNA. It is shown here that CRP also participates directly in malEp activation. This function is carried out by the molecule of CRP bound to the CRP site centered at -139.5 (CRP site 3). This molecule of CRP recruits RNA polymerase by promoting the binding of the RNA polymerase alpha subunit C-terminal domain (alphaCTD) to DNA immediately downstream from CRP site 3, via a contact between alphaCTD and activating region I of CRP. The action of MalT and CRP at malEp hence provides the example of a novel and complex mechanism for transcriptional synergy in prokaryotes whereby one activator both helps the primary activator to form a productive complex with promoter DNA and interacts directly with RNA polymerase holoenzyme.