Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29523801
Sci Rep 2018 Mar;8(1):4208
Skeletal muscle satellite cells are quiescent adult resident stem cells that activate, proliferate and differentiate to generate myofibres following injury. They harbour a robust proliferation potential and self-renewing capacity enabling lifelong muscle regeneration. Although several classes of microRNAs were shown to regulate adult myogenesis, systematic examination of stage-specific microRNAs during lineage progression from the quiescent state is lacking. Here we provide a genome-wide assessment of the expression of small RNAs during the quiescence/activation transition and differentiation by RNA-sequencing. We show that the majority of small RNAs present in quiescent, activated and differentiated muscle cells belong to the microRNA class. Furthermore, by comparing expression in distinct cell states, we report a massive and dynamic regulation of microRNAs, both in numbers and amplitude, highlighting their pivotal role in regulation of quiescence, activation and differentiation. We also identify a number of microRNAs with reliable and specific expression in quiescence including several maternally-expressed miRNAs generated at the imprinted Dlk1-Dio3 locus. Unexpectedly, the majority of class-switching miRNAs are associated with the quiescence/activation transition suggesting a poised program that is actively repressed. These data constitute a key resource for functional analyses of miRNAs in skeletal myogenesis, and more broadly, in the regulation of stem cell self-renewal and tissue homeostasis.