Link to HAL – sorbonne-universite-03784807
Link to DOI – 10.1111/apt.16197
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (Suppl), 2021, 53 (5), pp.616-629. ⟨10.1111/apt.16197⟩
Background: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection results in a high risk of cirrhosis and its complications, cirrhosis decompensation (DC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), liver transplantation (LT), death or any of these outcomes (composite endpoint [CE]). Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NUCs) such as tenofovir or entecavir are associated with a reduction in these complications. Aim: To compare the impact of tenofovir and entecavir on these outcomes in patients treated for HBV infection and included in the prospective Hepather cohort. Methods: All patients with HBV infection who had received tenofovir or entecavir for more than 6 months at or after entry in the ANRS CO22 cohort were selected. Patients with HDV and HCV co-infection or prior liver event were excluded. Incidence rates of events were compared using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPW). Results: The cohort included 1800 patients (986 tenofovir and 814 entecavir). Median follow-up was 4.2 years. The incidences of HCC, DC, LT, ACD, LRD and CE were not different between tenofovir- (1.8 (0.9; 3.2), 0.6 (0.2; 1.6), 0.2 (0.0; 0.8), 1.7 (0.8; 3.0), 0.8 (0.2, 1.8) and 4.1 (3.0; 5.4) per 1000 person-years) and entecavir-treated patients (1.6 (0.7; 3.0), 0.7 (0.2; 1.8), 0.2 (0.0; 1.0), 3.0 (1.7, 4.8), 0.5 (0.1; 1.5) and 5.0 (3.3; 7.2)) per 1000 person-years, respectively. Conclusion: The risk of liver-related events or death was not different between tenofovir- and entecavir-treated patients in this large prospective cohort of predominantly non-cirrhotic French patients. Trial registration number: NCT019553458.