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© Research
Publication : American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology

Signal transducing mechanisms in human platelets stimulated by cotton bract tannin

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology - 01 Jan 1991

Lauque D, Prevost MC, Carles P, Chap H

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1846078

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 1991 Jan;4(1):65-71

Cotton bract tannin is a potent stimulus for platelet aggregation and secretion. Tannin has been shown to stimulate the phosphorylation of two 19-kD and 47-kD cytosolic proteins in platelets, but earlier steps in signal transducing mechanisms of platelet activation are unknown. In this study, measurements of 32P-labeled phospholipids, 14C-labeled arachidonic acid, and levels of intracellular free calcium (Ca2+) were performed before and after the addition of thrombin (1 U/ml) or various concentrations of tannin to human platelets. The results showed that tannin induced a dose-dependent synthesis of phosphatidic acid, an early and transient hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol monophosphate and bisphosphate, a transient synthesis of diacylglycerol, and a release of arachidonic acid metabolites. The kinetics of phosphatidic acid, diacylglycerol, and arachidonic acid metabolite synthesis were similar after platelet stimulation by tannin (75 micrograms/ml) or thrombin. Tannin also induced a reversible rise of intracellular Ca2+ due to a mobilization of the internal stores and an influx of extracellular Ca2+. These results suggest that cotton bract tannin, as thrombin, activates human platelets by phospholipase C and A2 activations, release of diacylglycerol, and mobilization of intracellular free Ca2+.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1846078