Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17697016
J. Viral Hepat. 2007 Sep;14(9):639-44
The most frequent and the most troublesome adverse effect of interferon plus ribavirin-based therapy is anaemia. The aim of this analysis was to determine the incidence and risk factors of anaemia (Hb < 10 g/dL) in human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients receiving anti-HCV therapy. We reviewed all cases of anaemia occurring among 416 patients participating in a randomized, controlled 48-week trial comparing peginterferon (peg-IFN) alpha 2b plus ribavirin with interferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify links with antiretroviral treatments, HCV therapy and clinical and laboratory findings. Sixty-one (15.9%) of the 383 patients who received at least one dose of anti-HCV treatment developed anaemia. In multivariate analysis the risk of anaemia was significantly associated with zidovudine (OR, 3.27 95% CI, 1.64-6.54, P = 0.0008) and peg-IFN (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.16-4.57, P = 0.0179). The risk of anaemia was lower in patients with higher baseline haemoglobin levels (OR, 0.35 95% CI, 0.26-0.49, P < 0.0001) and in patients receiving protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy (OR, 0.51 95% CI, 0.30-0.86, P = 0.0114). Zidovudine discontinuation could help to avoid anaemia associated with anti-HCV therapy.