Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23062579
Am J Infect Control 2013 Mar;41(3):259-60
We evaluated 74 children with previous fecal extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae colonization who were hospitalized and receiving a course of antibiotic therapy for suspected infection. Sixty-four patients (86.5%) received a carbapenem agent. Only 3 patients were infected with an ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Sixty-one (95%) initial antibiotic courses were considered excessive and required deescalation; however, deescalation was accomplished in only 38 patients (62%). This suggests the need for an ESBL control program to decrease carbapenem use and thereby limit carbapenem resistance in gram-negative bacilli.