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© Research
Publication : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Regulation of heterogenous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 transport by phosphorylation in cells stressed by osmotic shock

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - 28 Feb 2005

Allemand E, Guil S, Myers M, Moscat J, Cáceres JF, Krainer AR

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15738418

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2005 Mar;102(10):3605-10

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A1 is an alternative splicing factor that is mainly nuclear, although it shuttles rapidly between nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments. Cells stressed by osmotic shock (OSM) activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase(3/6)-p38 signaling pathway, which in turn results in accumulation of hnRNP A1 in the cytoplasm. This effect modulates alternative splicing regulation in vivo and correlates with increased hnRNP A1 phosphorylation. We have characterized the molecular mechanism involved in the cytoplasmic accumulation of hnRNP A1 in NIH 3T3 cells subjected to OSM. This treatment results in serine-specific phosphorylation within a C-terminal peptide, dubbed the “F-peptide,” which is adjacent to the M9 motif that mediates bidirectional transport of hnRNP A1. Analysis of mutants in which the F-peptide serines were replaced by aspartic acids or alanines showed that F-peptide phosphorylation is required for the subcellular redistribution of hnRNP A1 in cells subjected to OSM. Furthermore, F-peptide phosphorylation modulates the interaction of hnRNP A1 with transportin Trn1. Our findings suggest that the phosphorylation of F-peptide by cell-signaling pathways regulates the rate of hnRNP A1 nuclear import.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15738418