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© Research
Publication : Infection and immunity

Recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG expressing the Sm14 antigen of Schistosoma mansoni protects mice from cercarial challenge

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Infection and immunity - 01 Jun 2004

Varaldo PB, Leite LC, Dias WO, Miyaji EN, Torres FI, Gebara VC, Armôa GR, Campos AS, Matos DC, Winter N, Gicquel B, Vilar MM, McFadden J, Almeida MS, Tendler M, McIntosh D

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15155638

Infect. Immun. 2004 Jun;72(6):3336-43

The Sm14 antigen of Schistosoma mansoni was cloned and expressed in Mycobacterium bovis BCG as a fusion with the Mycobacterium fortuitum beta-lactamase protein under the control of its promoter, pBlaF*; the protein was localized in the bacterial cell wall. The rBCG-Sm14 strain was shown to be relatively stable in cultured murine and bovine monocytes in terms of infectivity, bacterial persistence, and plasmid stability. The immunization of mice with rBCG-Sm14 showed no induction of anti-Sm14 antibodies; however, splenocytes of immunized mice released increased levels of gamma interferon upon stimulation with recombinant Sm14 (rSm14), indicating an induction of a Th1-predominant cellular response against Sm14. Mice immunized with one or two doses of rBCG-Sm14 and challenged with live S. mansoni cercaria showed a 48% reduction in worm burden, which was comparable to that obtained by immunization with three doses of rSm14 purified from Escherichia coli. The data presented here further enhance the status of Sm14 as a promising candidate antigen for the control of schistosomiasis and indicate that a one-dose regimen of rBCG-Sm14 could be considered a convenient means to overcome many of the practical problems associated with the successful implementation of a multiple-dose vaccine schedule in developing countries.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15155638