Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 28463515
Link to DOI – 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00176
J. Med. Chem. 2017, 60, 11, 4665–4679
Aberrant DNA hypermethylation of promoter of tumor suppressor genes is commonly observed in cancer, and its inhibition by small molecules is promising for their reactivation. Here we designed bisubstrate analogues-based inhibitors, by mimicking each substrate, the S-adenosyl-l-methionine and the deoxycytidine, and linking them together. This approach resulted in quinazoline–quinoline derivatives as potent inhibitors of DNMT3A and DNMT1, some showing certain isoform selectivity. We highlighted the importance of (i) the nature and rigidity of the linker between the two moieties for inhibition, as (ii) the presence of the nitrogen on the quinoline group, and (iii) of a hydrophobic group on the quinazoline. The most potent inhibitors induced demethylation of CDKN2A promoter in colon carcinoma HCT116 cells and its reactivation after 7 days of treatment. Furthermore, in a leukemia cell model system, we found a correlation between demethylation of the promoter induced by the treatment, chromatin opening at the promoter, and the reactivation of a reporter gene.