Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17363475
Gut 2007 Aug;56(8):1111-6
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An algorithm based on a 2 log(10) decline in hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA at week (W) 12 has been proposed in US and European recommendations for the management of patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated-interferon and ribavirin.
METHODS: We examined rapid virological response (RVR; at W2 and W4 after the initiation of therapy) in HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Using HCV RNA measurements (Versant HCV RNA 3.0, Cobas Amplicor HCV 2.0), RVR was studied in 323 patients from the ANRS HC02 RIBAVIC trial, comparing interferon alpha2b 3 MU x3/week with pegylated interferon alpha2b 1.5 microg/kg/week, each combined with ribavirin 800 mg/day over 48 weeks.
RESULTS: The best positive and negative predictive values of sustained virological response (SVR) were obtained with an undetectable HCV RNA at W4 (97%) and with more than a 2 log(10) decrease at W12 (99%), respectively. Prediction of non-SVR was obtained in all patients by using HCV RNA cut-off levels above 460,000 IU/ml at W4 and above 39,000 UI/ml at W12 irrespective of the HCV genotype and arm of treatment.
CONCLUSION: We propose a new algorithm based on RVR thresholds using HCV RNA that allows for excellent prediction of non-SVR as early as W4.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17363475