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© Research
Publication : Journal of hepatology

Randomized trial of daclatasvir and asunaprevir with or without PegIFN/RBV for hepatitis C virus genotype 1 null responders

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of hepatology - 26 Oct 2013

Lok AS, Gardiner DF, Hézode C, Lawitz EJ, Bourlière M, Everson GT, Marcellin P, Rodriguez-Torres M, Pol S, Serfaty L, Eley T, Huang SP, Li J, Wind-Rotolo M, Yu F, McPhee F, Grasela DM, Pasquinelli C

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24444658

J. Hepatol. 2014 Mar;60(3):490-9

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and prior null response (<2 log HCV RNA decline after ⩾ 12 weeks of PegIFN/RBV) have limited options. We evaluated daclatasvir plus once- or twice-daily asunaprevir in non-cirrhotic genotype 1 null responders.

METHODS: In this randomized, phase 2a, open-label, 24-week treatment study, 101 patients received daclatasvir (60 mg) once-daily. In addition, 38 genotype 1b patients received asunaprevir (200mg) twice- (DUAL A1) or once-daily (DUAL A2); 36 genotype 1a and 5 genotype 1b patients received asunaprevir twice- (QUAD B1) or once-daily (QUAD B2) plus PegIFN/RBV; and 18 genotype 1a and 4 genotype 1b patients received asunaprevir twice-daily plus ribavirin (TRIPLE B3). The primary endpoint was undetectable HCV RNA 12 weeks post-treatment (sustained virologic response, SVR12).

RESULTS: Across all groups, mean HCV RNA was ⩾ 6 log IU/ml, and 99% of patients had a non-CC IL28B genotype. SVR12 rates were 78% (A1), 65% (A2), 95% (B1), and 95% (B2). In B3, most genotype 1a patients experienced virologic breakthrough. The most common adverse events were headache, diarrhea, and asthenia. Grade 3-4 aminotransferase elevations were infrequent and not treatment-limiting.

CONCLUSIONS: In genotype 1 null responders, daclatasvir plus twice-daily asunaprevir DUAL therapy is effective for most genotype 1b patients, and daclatasvir, asunaprevir, and PegIFN/RBV QUAD therapy is effective for nearly all genotype 1a and 1b patients; but neither DUAL nor TRIPLE therapy is effective for genotype 1a patients. Interferon-free regimens including daclatasvir and twice-daily asunaprevir for genotype 1 null responders should be tailored to subtype.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24444658