Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23414707
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.jhin.2012.11.025S0195-6701(12)00423-9
J Hosp Infect 2013 Apr; 83(4): 333-6
In neonatal intensive care units, topical agents represent an increasing part of the infection control armamentarium. Fifty-one coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) isolated from catheter-associated bloodstream infections in very preterm neonates were investigated in this study: 41.2% exhibited decreased susceptibility to at least one antiseptic (chlorhexidine 12%, benzalkonium 24%, acriflavine 33%) and 61% were resistant to mupirocin. QacA/B, mupA and both genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction in 59%, 63% and 49% of CNS, respectively. Seventy-six percent of Staphylococcus epidermidis (5/5 pulsed-field-gel electrophoresis subgroups) and 11% of Staphylococcus capitis (1/3 subgroups) were multi-resistant. Skin antisepsis using low-concentration aqueous formulations and off-label mupirocin indications should benefit from a stewardship programme.