Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10682833
FEBS Lett. 2000 Jan;466(2-3):228-32
We previously reported that endothelin-1 or platelet-derived growth factor promoted in aortic smooth muscle cells a rapid hydrolysis of 1-O-alkyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (alkyl-PE) which was immediately converted into 1-O-alkyl-2,3-diacyl-sn-glycerol (alkyl-TG) within 5 s or 60 s respectively [C. Comminges et al. (1996) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 220, 1008-1013 and C. Comminges et al. (1997) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1355, 69-80]. In this study, we show that this alkyl-PE hydrolysis is triggered by a transient activation of a specific phospholipase C (PLC) regulated by pertussis toxin-sensitive heterotrimeric G-proteins. Moreover, this PLC can be triggered through a Ca2+ influx depending on L-type Ca2+ channel activation, as suggested by the use of a specific ‘activator’ S(-)-BayK 8644 and of selective inhibitors such as nimodipine. Interestingly, low concentrations (10(-8)-10(-7)M) of alkyl-TG block the opening of L-type Ca2+ channels, whereas identical concentrations of DG do not alter L-type Ca2+ channels. This study thus unravels a hitherto unrecognized signaling pathway generating alkyl-TG as a novel lipid second messenger, potentially acting as a negative feedback regulator of L-type Ca2+ channels.