Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 3167085
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1988 Oct;962(3):354-61
After 4 h hypoxia, platelet activating factor (PAF-acether or 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) and its deacetylated derivative, lyso-PAF-acether, accumulate in rat lung surfactant, the latter in a 1000-fold excess (Prévost, M.C., Cariven, C., Simon, M.F., Chap, H. and Douste-Blazy, L. (1984) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 119, 58-63). In order to determine the origin of these two phospholipids, rat lung alveolar lavages and rat lung macrophages were examined for phospholipid composition before and after 4 h of hypoxic treatment. Our data indicate an activation of phospholipase A2 in both compartments, as detected by the accumulation of lysophosphatidylcholine. The main effect was observed in lung surfactant, where phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis attained 13%. This change was concomitant with the activation of a calcium-independent phospholipase A2 present in lung alveolar lavages, which might be responsible for the accumulation of some lyso-PAF-acether, alkylacylcholine glycerophospholipids being present in low but significant amounts in lung surfactant. However, the main source of PAF and lyso-PAF-acether appears to be alveolar macrophages, which secreted significant amounts of the two phospholipids upon in vitro hypoxic treatment, although the participation of other cells, such as type II pneumocytes, cannot be excluded. The relative amounts of the two compounds might be regulated by both an intracellular and an extracellular acetylhydrolase, the two enzymes being distinct proteins on the basis of their different isoelectric points.