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© Research
Publication : Annual review of phytopathology

Playing the “Harp”: evolution of our understanding of hrp/hrc genes

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Annual review of phytopathology - 01 Jan 2010

Tampakaki AP, Skandalis N, Gazi AD, Bastaki MN, Sarris PF, Charova SN, Kokkinidis M, Panopoulos NJ

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20455697

Annu Rev Phytopathol 2010;48:347-70

With the advent of recombinant DNA techniques, the field of molecular plant pathology witnessed dramatic shifts in the 1970s and 1980s. The new and conventional methodologies of bacterial molecular genetics put bacteria center stage. The discovery in the mid-1980s of the hrp/hrc gene cluster and the subsequent demonstration that it encodes a type III secretion system (T3SS) common to Gram negative bacterial phytopathogens, animal pathogens, and plant symbionts was a landmark in molecular plant pathology. Today, T3SS has earned a central role in our understanding of many fundamental aspects of bacterium-plant interactions and has contributed the important concept of interkingdom transfer of effector proteins determining race-cultivar specificity in plant-bacterium pathosystems. Recent developments in genomics, proteomics, and structural biology enable detailed and comprehensive insights into the functional architecture, evolutionary origin, and distribution of T3SS among bacterial pathogens and support current research efforts to discover novel antivirulence drugs.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20455697