Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 36220146
Link to DOI – 10.1093/femsle/fnac099
FEMS Microbiol Lett 2022 Nov; 369(1):
A soil-dwelling cyanobacterial strain (KLS-BP-3A_PS), has been isolated from the biodiversity rich Northeast region of India and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain was collected from a field covered with grass, near a stream from the Unakoti district of Tripura. Upon culturing in the laboratory, initial studies indicated the strain to be showing typical Nostoc or Nostoc-like morphology. Subsequently, 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analyses using Neighbour joining, Maximum-likelihood, and Bayesian inference methods gave a distinct and stable positioning of the strain inside the genus Desikacharya. Upon recovery of the full-length operon of the 16S-23S ITS region with both tRNAs (tRNAIle and tRNAAla), the folded secondary structures revealed unique patterns of the D1-D1′, V2, Box-B, and V3 regions of the strain KLS-BP-3A_PS as compared to phylogenetically related species of the genus Desikacharya. The total evidence approach indicated conclusively that the strain under investigation is a new species of the genus Desikacharya, which we describe as Desikacharya kailashaharensis in accordance with the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. Further, 16S rRNA gene phylogeny and evaluation of the 16S-23S ITS operons along with implying a re-examination of the family level affiliation of Desikacharya as well its generic limits may be in order. Notably, this study brings into focus the very less explored Northeast region of India which shares two global biodiversity hotspots in the world.