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© Research
Publication : The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene

Parasitic co-infections: does Ascaris lumbricoides protect against Plasmodium falciparum infection?

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene - 01 Aug 2006

Brutus L, Watier L, Briand V, Hanitrasoamampionona V, Razanatsoarilala H, Cot M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16896118

Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2006 Aug;75(2):194-8

A controlled randomized trial of antihelminthic treatment was undertaken in 1996-1997 in a rural area of Madagascar where populations were simultaneously infected with Ascaris lumbricoides and Plasmodium falciparum. Levamisole was administered bimonthly to 164 subjects, randomized on a family basis, whereas 186 were controls. While levamisole proved to be highly effective in reducing Ascaris egg loads in the treated group (P < 10(-3) at all bimonthly visits), subjects more than 5 years of age, treated with levamisole had a significant increase in their P. falciparum densities compared with controls (P = 0.02), whereas there was no effect of anti-helminthic treatment on children 6 months to 4 years of age. The demonstration of a clear negative interaction between Ascaris infection and malaria parasite density has important implications. Single community therapy programs to deliver treatments against several parasitic infections could avoid an increase of malaria attacks after mass treatment of ascariasis.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16896118