Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9634751
Biotechnology (N.Y.) 1995 Jan;13(1):67-71
The spo0A gene of Bacillus subtilis encodes the key factor involved in the initiation of sporulation. It was previously shown that the B. thuringiensis (Bt) cryIIIA gene, encoding a toxin active against coleopteran larvae, is overexpressed in an spo0A mutant of B. subtilis. In this paper we describe the construction of a Bt spo0A mutant strain and its use to produce insecticidal crystal proteins. The spo0A gene of Bt was cloned and identified by its ability to transform a B. subtilis spo0A mutant to prototrophy. Its nucleotide sequence is homologous to the B. subtilis gene. The spo0A gene was replaced in the Bt genome with a disrupted copy to give an Spo- strain unable to initiate sporulation. When the cryIIIA gene was cloned in the Bt spo0A mutant, large amounts of toxins were produced and accumulated to form a large crystal inclusion which remained encapsulated within the ghost cell. These encapsulated toxins were highly active against coleopteran larvae. We anticipate that the cryIIIA expression system and the Bt spo0A mutant will provide a convenient process to generate novel formulations of stabilized and environmentally safe Bt-based biopesticides.