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© Artur Scherf
Scanning Electron Microscopy of Red Blood Cell infected by Plasmodium falciparum.
Publication : Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology

One step at a time: endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nature reviews. Molecular cell biology - 12 Nov 2008

Vembar SS, Brodsky JL

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19002207

Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2008 Dec;9(12):944-57

Protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is monitored by ER quality control (ERQC) mechanisms. Proteins that pass ERQC criteria traffic to their final destinations through the secretory pathway, whereas non-native and unassembled subunits of multimeric proteins are degraded by the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. During ERAD, molecular chaperones and associated factors recognize and target substrates for retrotranslocation to the cytoplasm, where they are degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome machinery. The discovery of diseases that are associated with ERAD substrates highlights the importance of this pathway. Here, we summarize our current understanding of each step during ERAD, with emphasis on the factors that catalyse distinct activities.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19002207