Link to HAL – inserm-04167057
Link to DOI – 10.1007/s00262-023-03486-4
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, In press, ⟨10.1007/s00262-023-03486-4⟩
Antitumor virotherapy stimulates the antitumor immune response during tumor cell lysis induced by oncolytic viruses (OVs). OV can be modified to express additional transgenes that enhance their therapeutic potential. In this study, we armed the spontaneously oncolytic Schwarz strain of measles viruses (MVs) with the gene encoding the cancer/testis antigen NY-ESO-1 to obtain MVny. We compared MV and MVny oncolytic activity and ability to induce NY-ESO-1 expression in six human melanoma cell lines. After MVny infection, we measured the capacity of melanoma cells to present NY-ESO-1 peptides to CD4 + and CD8 + T cell clones specific for this antigen. We assessed the ability of MVny to induce NY-ESO-1 expression and presentation in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs). Our results show that MVny and MV oncolytic activity are similar with a faster cell lysis induced by MVny. We also observed that melanoma cell lines and DC expressed the NY-ESO-1 protein after MVny infection. In addition, MVny-infected melanoma cells and DCs were able to stimulate NY-ESO-1-specific CD4 + and CD8 + T cells. Finally, MVny was able to induce DC maturation. Altogether, these results show that MVny could be an interesting candidate to stimulate NY-ESO-1-specific T cells in melanoma patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing tumor cells.