Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21087785
Virology 2011 Feb;410(1):48-55
To better understand the origins and modes of transmission of HTLV-3 and to search for other retroviral infections (HTLV-1, HTLV-2, foamy viruses), we studied the family of a HTLV-3-infected individual (Pyl43), from Cameroon. Thirty-five persons were included. All adult men were still actively hunting nonhuman primates (NHP). All women were also butchering and cutting-up animals. Five persons reported a bite by an NHP. While HTLV-3 infection was only found in Pyl43, HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infections were found, respectively, in 5 and 9 persons with one being co-infected by both retroviruses. Phylogenetic analysis suggested intra-familial transmission of HTLV-1 subtypes B and D and HTLV-2. One man was infected by a chimpanzee foamy virus, acquired probably 45 years ago, through a bite. Acquisition of retroviral infections still occurs in central Africa involving to various extent not only intra-familial transmission for HTLV-1/HTLV-2 but also direct interspecies transmission from NHP for foamy virus and possibly for HTLV-1 and HTLV-3.