Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25451670
J Neuroradiol 2014 Dec;41(5):283-95
Stroke mimics account for up to a third of suspected strokes. The main causes are epileptic deficit, migraine aura, hypoglycemia, and functional disorders. Accurate recognition of stroke mimics is important for adequate identification of candidates for thrombolysis. This decreases the number of unnecessary treatments and invasive vascular investigations. Correctly identifying the cause of symptoms also avoids delaying proper care. Therefore, this pictorial review focuses on what the radiologist should know about the most common MRI patterns of stroke mimics in the first hours after onset of symptoms. The issues linked to the accurate diagnosis of stroke mimics in the management of candidates for thrombolysis will be discussed.