Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 7927746
Infect. Immun. 1994 Nov;62(11):4716-21
Activation of human monocytes or monocytic cell lines with all known stimuli coordinately induces the gene expression of various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). In contrast, superantigens induce TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta but fail to affect IL-1Ra gene expression, suggesting that activation of monocytes via major histocompatibility complex class II is distinct from other signal transduction pathways. In the present study, we analyzed the regulation of the Mycoplasma arthritidis-derived superantigen (MAM)-induced IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha gene expression by studying the effects of two different anti-inflammatory agents: dexamethasone (DEX) and the T-cell-derived cytokine IL-4. Both agents contributed to the downregulation of MAM-induced IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha gene expression. They accelerated the normal decline of the gene expression of both MAM-induced cytokines by decreasing the stability of mRNAs via the induction or enhanced synthesis of one or more regulatory proteins. In addition, IL-4, but not DEX, induced a strong and rapid expression of IL-1Ra mRNA in MAM-stimulated and unstimulated THP-1 cells in a de novo protein synthesis-independent manner. The capacity of IL-4 to induce IL-1Ra gene expression reinforces its anti-inflammatory activity. This study illustrates some of the mechanisms by which MAM-induced proinflammatory monokine gene expression can be downregulated by IL-4 and DEX.