Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32933822
Link to DOI – S1096-7192(20)30193-110.1016/j.ymgme.2020.09.002
Mol Genet Metab ; 131(1-2): 107-113
Mitochondrial respiratory chain integrity depends on a number of proteins encoded by nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. Mutations of such factors can result in isolated or combined respiratory chain deficits, some of which can induce abnormal morphology of the mitochondrial network or accumulation of intermediary metabolites. Consequently, affected patients are clinically heterogeneous, presenting with central nervous system, muscular, or neurodegenerative disorders. ATAD3A is a nuclear-encoded ATPase protein of the AAA+ family and has been localized to the inner mitochondrial membrane. Recently reported mutations or large deletions in the ATDA3A gene in patients have been shown to induce altered mitochondrial structure and function and abnormal cholesterol metabolism in a recessive or dominant manner. Here, we report two siblings presenting axonal sensory-motor neuropathy associated with neonatal cataract. Genetic analyses identified two novel mutations in ATAD3A; a point mutation and an intronic 15 bp deletion affecting splicing and leading to exon skipping. Biochemical analysis in patient cells and tissues showed abnormal function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in muscle and abnormal mitochondrial cristae structure. These new cases underline the large spectrum of biochemical and clinical presentations of ATAD3A deficiency and the different modes of inheritance, making it an atypical mitochondrial disorder.