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© Michel Huerre
Coupe histologique de foie de patient atteint d'une hépatite C chronique active avec infiltrat (opacité) folliculaire (lymphocytes) (Grossissement X 400). L'hépatite C chronique peut être à l'origine de cirrhose et cancer du foie
Publication : The Journal of general virology

Mapping and characterization of visna/maedi virus cytotoxic T-lymphocyte epitopes

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of general virology - 01 Oct 2008

Wu C, Barbezange C, McConnell I, Blacklaws BA

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18796728

J. Gen. Virol. 2008 Oct;89(Pt 10):2586-96

CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been shown to be important in the control of human and simian immunodeficiency virus infections. Infection of sheep with visna/maedi virus (VISNA), a related lentivirus, induces specific CD8(+) CTL in vivo, but the specific viral proteins recognized are not known. To determine which VISNA antigens were recognized by sheep CTL, we used recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing the different genes of VISNA: in six sheep (Finnish LandracexDorset crosses, Friesland and Lleyn breeds) all VISNA proteins were recognized except TAT. Two sheep, shown to share major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles, recognized POL and were used to map the epitope. The pol gene is 3267 bp long encoding 1088 aa. By using recombinant vaccinia viruses a central portion (nt 1609-2176, aa 537-725) was found to contain the CTL epitope and this was mapped with synthetic peptides to a 25 aa region (aa 612-636). When smaller peptides were used, a cluster of epitopes was detected: at least three epitopes were present, at positions 612-623: DSRYAFEFMIRN; 620-631: MIRNWDEEVIKN; and 625-635: EEVIKNPIQAR. A DNA-prime-modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)-boost strategy was employed to immunize four sheep shown to share MHC class I allele(s) with the sheep above. Specific CTL activity developed in all the immunized sheep within 3 weeks of the final MVA boost although half the sheep showed evidence of specific reactivity after the DNA-prime immunizations. This is the first report, to our knowledge, of induction of CTL by a DNA-prime-boost method in VISNA infection.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18796728