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© Research
Publication : Blood

Lower levels of surface B-cell-receptor expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia are associated with glycosylation and folding defects of the mu and CD79a chains

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Blood - 09 Dec 2004

Vuillier F, Dumas G, Magnac C, Prevost MC, Lalanne AI, Oppezzo P, Melanitou E, Dighiero G, Payelle-Brogard B

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15591116

Blood 2005 Apr;105(7):2933-40

Low levels of B-cell-receptor (BCR) expression are the hallmark of tumoral B lymphocytes in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). These cells also respond inadequately to stimulation through the BCR. This receptor consists of a surface immunoglobulin associated with a CD79a/CD79b heterodimer. We previously showed that the intracellular synthesis of BCR components, from transcription onward, is normal. Here, we investigated the glycosylation status and cellular localization of mu, CD79a, and CD79b chains in 10 CLL patients differing in surface immunoglobulin M (IgM) expression. We reported a severe impairment of the glycosylation and folding of mu and CD79a. These defects were associated with the retention of both chains in the endoplasmic reticulum and lower levels of surface IgM expression. In contrast, no clear impairment of glycosylation and folding was observed for CD79b. No sequence defects were identified for BCR components and for the chaperone proteins involved in BCR folding processes. These data show, for the first time, that lower levels of BCR surface expression observed in CLL are accounted for by an impaired glycosylation and folding of the mu and CD79a chains.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15591116