Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29028957
Clin. Infect. Dis. 2018 Mar;66(7):1122-1132
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is the primary cause of meningitis in adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and an emerging disease in HIV-seronegative individuals. No literature review has studied the long-term outcome of CM. We performed a systematic review on the long-term (≥3-month) impact of CM (Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii) on mortality and disability in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected adults. Although the quality of current evidence is limited, the long-term impact of CM on survival and disability seems to be high. One-year mortality ranged from 13% in an Australian non-HIV-infected C. gattii-infected cohort to 78% in a Malawian HIV-infected cohort treated with fluconazole monotherapy. One-year impairment proportions among survivors ranged from 19% in an Australian C. gattii cohort to >70% in a Taiwanese non-HIV- and HIV-infected cohorts. Ongoing early therapeutic interventions, early detection of impairments and access to rehabilitation services may significantly improve patients’ survival and quality of life.