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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Molecular microbiology

Large-scale monitoring of pleiotropic regulation of gene expression by the prokaryotic nucleoid-associated protein, H-NS

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular microbiology - 01 Apr 2001

Hommais F, Krin E, Laurent-Winter C, Soutourina O, Malpertuy A, Le Caer JP, Danchin A, Bertin P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11298273

Mol. Microbiol. 2001 Apr;40(1):20-36

Despite many years of intense work investigating the function of nucleoid-associated proteins in prokaryotes, their role in bacterial physiology remains largely unknown. The two-dimensional protein patterns were compared and expression profiling was carried out on H-NS-deficient and wild-type strains of Escherichia coli K-12. The expression of approximately 5% of the genes and/or the accumulation of their protein was directly or indirectly altered in the hns mutant strain. About one-fifth of these genes encode proteins that are involved in transcription or translation and one-third are known to or were in silico predicted to encode cell envelope components or proteins that are usually involved in bacterial adaptation to changes in environmental conditions. The increased expression of several genes in the mutant resulted in a better ability of this strain to survive at low pH and high osmolarity than the wild-type strain. In particular, the putative regulator, YhiX, plays a central role in the H-NS control of genes required in the glutamate-dependent acid stress response. These results suggest that there is a strong relationship between the H-NS regulon and the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11298273