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© Research
Publication : European journal of nuclear medicine

Kinetics and dosimetry of iodine-131-labelled antibody fragments after local administration in patients with rectal cancer

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in European journal of nuclear medicine - 01 Jan 1992

Derksen EJ, van Dieren EB, Roos JC, van Lingen A, den Hollander W, Teule GJ, Meijer S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1644105

Eur J Nucl Med 1992;19(7):492-6

In 11 patients with rectal cancer, a mixture of F(ab’)2 fragments of anti-carcinoembryonic antigen and anti-CA 19.9 labelled with a diagnostic dose of iodine-131 (3-10 MBq) was administered submucosally around the tumour. In this study, the local kinetics in and the dose to the rectal wall, the whole body kinetics and the effective dose equivalent are presented. The early disappearance of the activity from the injection spot was characterized by a T1/2 of 21 h. Initially, about 50% of the plasma activity was due to free 131I. After 4 h, the plasma activity was almost completely protein bound (86%). Maximum plasma activity was observed after the 2nd day. From 72 h p.i., the plasma activity decreased with a T1/2 of 53 h. In the first 24 h, 14% of the injected dose was excreted in the urine and within 4 days about half of the administered activity. The absorbed radiation dose to the rectal wall was estimated to be 0.2 Gy/MBq, presuming a 20 cm3 distribution volume. The dose to the bone marrow was 0.2 mGy/MBq or 0.4 mGy/MBq, assuming a homogeneous tracer distribution or equal blood and bone marrow activity concentrations, respectively. The effective dose equivalent is 1.9 mSv/MBq, mainly determined by the dose to the rectal wall and to a lesser extent by the dose to the remaining body. Postulating comparable kinetics, 123I- or 111In- or 99mTc-labelled fragments would result in 4-25-fold lower effective dose equivalents.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1644105