Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 2562220
New Biol. 1989 Nov;1(2):181-91
Mutations between the leucines of the “leucine zipper” domain of Jun D can either decrease (Asn 301 to Ala) or increase (Thr 307, Ala 308, to Glu, Val) homodimer formation and specific binding to DNA even though such changes do not modify the predicted alpha-helical structure of this region. As shown previously, addition of Fos strongly increases the affinity of Jun for DNA by forming a heterodimer. The jun down mutation (Asn 301 to Ala) also diminishes DNA binding by the Fos-Jun D heterodimer. These data strongly support the coiled coil conformation of this region where residues adjacent to the leucines are also important for dimer formation. Ultraviolet cross-linking experiments have shown that both Fos and Jun directly contact the TGACTCA palindromic sequence defined as a TPA (12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate) response element or TRE. Both Jun homodimers and Jun-Fos heterodimers bind this TRE as well as the cAMP responsive element (CRE or TGACGTCA) with comparable affinities. While strong c-Jun or Jun D binding requires a perfect palindrome, Jun-Fos complexes can also efficiently recognize sequences where the right half of the palindrome is less conserved (TGACTAA or TGACGCA).