Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24384926
Protein J. 2014 Feb;33(1):61-74
Three-step chromatography and proteomic analysis have been used to purify and characterize a new basic phospholipase A₂ named CC2-PLA₂ from the venom of Cerastes cerastes. This phospholipase A₂ has been isolated to an extent of about 50-folds and its molecular weight was estimated at 13,534 Da. For CC2-PLA₂ identification and LC-MALDI-MS/MS analysis, the protein was reduced, alkylated and double hydrolyzed by lysine-C endopeptidase and trypsin. Tryptic fragments of LC-MS/MS analyzed CC2-PLA₂ showed sequence similarities with other snake venom PLA₂. This presents only 51 % (61/120 amino acid residues) sequence homology with the first PLA₂ (gi |129506|) previously purified from the same venom. The isolated CC2-PLA₂ displayed anti-aggregative effect on platelets and induced an inflammatory response characterized by leukocytosis in the peripheral blood. This inflammatory response is accompanied by a release of inflammatory mediators such as IL-6, eosinophil peroxidase and complement system. Obtained results indicate that CC2-PLA₂ induced a release of high level of pro-inflammatory (IL-6) cytokine and no effect on the level of anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) in blood sera. Furthermore, eosinophil peroxidase activity and hemolytic complement effect increased in peripheral blood. Mononuclear and neutrophil cells were found predominant in the induced leucocytosis following CC2-PLA₂ administration into animals.