Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 8652272
Eur. J. Cancer 1995 Dec;31A(13-14):2379-84
Currently, surgical resection is the only treatment used for human medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). However, as metastases are commonly observed, we investigated the potential of adjuvant therapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in a rat model. The interleukins were delivered by means of xenogeneic tumour cells engineered to secrete IL-2 and IL-4. We found that when a mixture of MTC cells and IL-2 or IL-4 secreting cells were implanted in rats, the growth of the resulting tumours was inhibited as a function of the number of interleukin-secreting cells in the inoculum. Moreover, association of the two interleukins exerted a synergistic antitumour effect. These experimental results, showing thyroid C cell tumour rejection, are of major interest, as they show the potential therapeutic application for these two interleukins, which could be used, in particular, as postsurgical adjuvants.